BS EN 15940 Paraffinic Diesel Fuel Specifications | 123 Oil

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Specifications for EN 15940 Compliant Fuels


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EN 15490 is a British standard developed to govern paraffinic diesel fuels. These fuels are new-generation synthetically produced fuels that offer a cleaner and renewable alternative to fossil fuels. HVO Fuel (Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil) and Shell GTL fuels are examples of paraffinic diesel fuels.

Both the HVO fuel and Shell GTL meet the specifications of EN 15940 and are allowed to be used as the drop-in fuel for the vehicles and machinery with OEM approval, including all the major vehicles such as Mercedes, Ford, Peugeot, etc. These fuels are a viable replacement for EN 590 ULSD fuels.

You can learn more about these standards in our fuel specification guide.

EN 15940 and HVO Fuel Specifications

ParameterUnitEN 15940HVO Fuel
AppearanceClear and brightClear and bright
Ash Content% m/m0.001 maximum<0.001
Carbon Residue (on 10% distillation residue)% m/m0.1 maximum<0.01
Cetane Index70 minimum80
Cetane Number70 minimum80
Summer°C-15 maximum< -15
Winter°C-34 maximum< -34
Cloud point
Summer°C-15 maximum< -15
Winter°C-34 maximum< -34
Copper Strip Corrosion 3hr/50°C1 maximum1a
Density at 15°Ckg/m30.770 – 0.7900.78
Flashpoint °CEN ISO 2719>70 
Initial Boiling Point°C180 minimum>180
Oxidation Stabilityg/m325 maximum<5
Recovered at 250°C% v/v<65<20
Recovered at 350°C% v/v85 minimum>98
95% recovered at°C360 maximum>95
Sulphur Contentmg/kg5 maximum<5
Viscosity at 40°Cmm2/s2.0 – 4.02.8
Water Contentmg/kg200 maximum40


Download EN 15940 and HVO Fuel Specifications in PDF here.

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